ABOUT


Welcome to my website! My name is Herman Sahni. I am an assistant professor at Baldwin Wallace University. I am a labor and a health economist. My research covers the following topics: female labor force and wage inequity, cost of illness, education and domestic violence. My current research analyzes the effects of co-residing debilitating older family members on labor outcomes of younger family members in the US, hurdles that women face in networking as a reason for gender wage gap among CEOs, the effect of electrification on childhood educational outcomes and the effect of climate shock on domestic violence in India. I did my phd in economics from Northern Illinois University.



SSRN Author Page: ssrn.com/author=2520336

Twitter Handle: @HermanHsahni







Research


WORKING PAPERS


THE EFFECT OF ELECTRIFICATION ON CHILDHOOD EDUCATION IN INDIA, with E. Sinha



Abstract: This paper presents empirical evidence on the impact of modern energy access and reliability of energy supply on education outcomes, specifically enrollment and test scores using two waves of India Human Development Survey. Electrification studies have generally focused only on the estimating the impact on two development factors - employment and household income. This research estimates the impact of electrification on educational outcomes, more specifically, school enrollment, school attendance, being on track in school (based on age), and test scores. Our preliminary findings are: 1) the children of households that have access to electricity are more likely to enroll in school, attend school regularly, and are on track in school; and 2) the children of households that have access to electricity significantly perform better than children from households that have no access to electricity. These findings suggest that the electricity positively impacts education.

Last updated: December 2017

Conference Presentations

Year Location
American Economic Association Annual Conference Meetings 2018 Philadelphia, PA

CLIMATE SHOCK AND DOMESTIC VIOLENCE, with E. Sinha



Abstract: In this paper, we study the causal relationship between rainfall shock and incidence of domestic violence using the nationally representative India Human Development Survey and Annual Rainfall data. We hypothesize that, in agricultural societies, economic shocks due to scarce rainfall forces married women seek financial support from their natal family. An insufficient financial support directly leads to domestic violence. Our results suggest that married women in districts with positive rainfall shock are less likely to face domestic violence even after controlling for individual, household, and community factors.


Last updated: December 2017

Conference Presentations

Year Location
Population Association of America Conference Meetings 2018 Denver, CO

THE EFFECT OF CARING FOR OLDER FAMILY MEMBERS ON YOUNGER INDIVIDUALS' LABOR MARKET OUTCOMES, with V. Wilcox

Abstract: This paper reports estimates of the effects of poor health of older family members on the labor supply and earnings of younger family members.


Last updated: June 2017

Conference Presentations

Year Location
Western Economic Association, 92nd Annual Meeting 2017 San Diego, CA
Midwest Economic Association, 80th Annual Meeting 2016 Chicago, IL

BOYS AND GIRLS HAVE DIFFERENT FRIENDS: GENDER DIFFERENCES IN CEO NETWORK AND WAGE PREMIUMS



Abstract: By taking advantage of a new hand-collected dataset on CEO educational networks between 1992 and 2013, this paper studies the association between gender and network connections. First, female CEOs are less likely to be "Influential" (that is, have extremely large networks). Second, while connected male CEOs are significantly rewarded, female CEOs are not. These results provide evidence supporting Paul and Sahni's (2016) work that women receive lower returns from social capital than men.


JEL Classification: G30, J16, J31, L14, M12
Last updated: October 2016
Number of Pages in PDF File: 30

Conference Presentations

Year Location
Western Economic Association, 90th Annual Meeting 2015 Honolulu, HI
Northern Illinois University, Department of Economics 2015 Dekalb, IL
Financial Management Association, 45th Annual Meeting 2015 Orlando, FL

SOCIABILITY CAPITAL AND THE GENDER WAGE GAP

Highlights:

  • The paper proposes a new component that explains the “residual” gender wage gap.
  • Women have greater time demands for home production than men.
  • This leads to gender differences in sociability capital.
  • Gender dispersion in sociability capital causes a gender wage gap in some jobs.

Abstract: This paper develops a job-signaling model to study the gender wage gap for occupations in which both cognitive and non-cognitive skills are productive. Workers acquire both education and sociability capital to signal their skills. A significant gender wage gap occurs in professions in which sociability capital is an important contributor to productivity if women divert time away from accumulating such capital in order to meet family responsibilities.


JEL Classification: J16, J31, D82, D85
Last updated: August 2015

Conference Presentations

Year Location
Western Economic Association, 89th Annual Meeting 2014 Denver, CO
Northern Illinois University ECONference 2014 Dekalb, IL
Southern Economic Association, 83rd Annual Meeting 2013 Tampa, FL
Northern Illinois University 2013 Dekalb, IL

WOMEN IN TOP MANAGEMENT AND JOB SELF SELECTION, with S. L. Paul



Abstract: Using a large sample of publicly traded firms from 1994-2002, we study the type of firms that female executives prefer to work in. We find that (1) female executives predominantly work in high risk firms and in high risk industries, (2) female CEOs have higher dismissal probability and female non-CEO executives (CFO, COO and President), in general, have lower tenure at office, and (3) there is significant self selection for female to work in high risk segments despite higher dismissal rates or lower tenure at job. Consistent with Bertrand and Hallock (2001), we find that, on average, female executives are paid lower than men, a result that is mainly driven by female in safer work segments. On the other hand, female executives in risky segments have comparable pay to their male counterparts. Using a size and industry male executive benchmark for each female executive, we also show that pay differential diminishes with the increase in job risk.


JEL Classification: G30; G34; J16
Last updated: November 2010
Number of Pages in PDF File: 26

Conference Presentations

Year Location
Midwest Economics Association, 81st Annual Meeting 2017 Cincinnati, OH
Southern Economic Association, 80th Annual Meeting 2010 Atlanta, GA
Financial Management Association, 39th Annual Meeting 2009 Reno, NV

CONFERENCE ATTENDANCE

Conference 2009 2010 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
American Economics Association
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Population Association of America
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Midwest Economics Association
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Southern Economic Association
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Western Economic Association
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Financial Management Association
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Teaching



Baldwin Wallace University
Course Name 2016 2017 2018
Health Economics (MBA) X
Labor Economics X
Econometrics X X
Advanced SAS Programming X
Microeconomics (Principles) X X
Business Statistics X





More


UNIVERSITY SERVICE

Baldwin Wallace University
Position Held Committee/Association/Organization Term
Member Honors Advisory Council 2016-2017
College of Arts & Science, Northern Illinois University
Position Held Committee/Association/Organization Term
Member Graduate Associate Dean Search 2015
Member Graduate Associate Dean Search 2014
Member Undergraduate Associate Dean Search 2014
Member Graduate Colloquium Executive 2014-2016
Member Graduate Colloquium 2013-2016
Department of Economics, Northern Illinois University
Position Held Committee/Association/Organization Term
President Economics Graduate Students Association 2013-2016
Vice President Economics Graduate Students Association 2012-2013
Organizing Member ECONference 2013
Department of Commerce, Ethiraj College, University of Madras
Position Held Committee/Association/Organization Term
Editor Comet - Departmental Magazine 1997-1998


FIELD SERVICE
Role 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Western Economic Association
  Session Chair X X X
  Discussant X X X
Midwest Economics Association
  Session Chair
  Discussant X X
  CSWEP Panel Speaker X
Southern Economic Association
  Session Chair X
  Discussant X


SCHOLARSHIPS, AWARDS & GRANTS

Description Term
Dissertation Completion Fellowship, Northern Illinois University 2014-2015
Outstanding Graduate Student, Northern Illinois University 2014-2015
Outstanding Graduate Scholar, Division of Research, Northern Illinois University 2013-2014
Doctoral Scholarship, Northern Illinois University 2010-2015
Graduate Scholarship, University of Cincinnati 2002-2003
La Tourette Scholarship of Economics, Department of Economics, Northern Illinois University 2014-2015
Outstanding Ph.D. Student, Department of Economics, Northern Illinois University 2014-2015
Outstanding Graduate Scholar, Department of Economics, Northern Illinois University 2013-2014
Western Economic Association Travel Grant, Department of Economics, Northern Illinois University 2014
Southern Economic Association Travel Grant, Department of Economics, Northern Illinois University 2013


COMPUTING

LATEX • SAS • Stata • R





CONTACT


Kamm Hall
Department of Accounting and Finance
School of Business
Baldwin Wallace University
Berea, Ohio 44017

Tel: (440) 826 3747

©2018 Herman Sahni All rights reserved.